The Celestial Reasoning Association

REUTER’S TELEGRAMS, (For Straits Times.)

SINGAPORE DAILY TIMES, 29 June 1882, Page 2








The Celestial Reasoning Association.

Straits Times Weekly Issue, 31 May 1883, Page 8








1888 

The Directory & Chronicle for China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements 




From Song Ong Siang's book pg 209:

The opening meeting of a debating society for Chinese under the name of the Celestial Reasoning Association was held on the 27th May at the house of the Chinese Consul, who delivered an able address in proposing the toast of "Prosperity to the Association," inculcating the utility of that higher education which was to be gained by the working of such institutions. The objects of this society, the first of its kind among educated Chinese, were to improve the members in English and generally to encourage learning and morality.

This was the earliest instance of a literary society formed among the Chinese, and for the next 3 years it led a vigorous existence.... The first anniversary of this Society was celebrated on the 26th May 1883, and the annual report read by the Hon Secretary, Low Cheng Geok, a son of Low Thuan Locke), mentioned that the members had begun to realize the benefits of debating questions of interest among themselves, that their minds had been much expanded and improved, and their intelligence enlightened.

Chan Yen Pai

Chan Yen Pai 

曾衍派
林全吉





海澄厚境
曾衍派
林全吉

孝男
祺穀 Chan Kee Kok
玉梯 Chan Gaik Thay 
學盈
學財
掊金
掊音
仝立

IN MEMORIAM

MADAM LIM CHUAN KEAT
DIED ON 12TH NOVEMBER 1937
AT AGE 61
PLOT NO 107

CON AMORE
MISTER CHAN YEN PAI
DOED PM 18TH JUNE 1961
AT AGE 87
PLOT NO 114



POWER



MIGHT 

Chinese Wedding.

The Straits Times, 7 June 1918, Page 10




Chan Gaik Thay was the wife of Tan Chong Gark (son of Tan Kheam Hock) 


DEATH

The Straits Times, 19 June 1961, Page 1




Daughter 

Chan Gaik Thay 

Sons

Chan Kee Kok

Chan Kee Hee 

Chan Kim Boon

Chan Kim Boon



Tomb pic provided by Tan Yeow Wooi

IN MEMORIAM 

MR CHAN KIM BOON
TRANSLATOR OF STORIES
HWAN TONG
NGOH BEE YEAN
SAN KOK
SONG KANG
KOU CHEY THIAN

CON AMORE

SONS
CHAN YEN
CHAN YEN
CHAN YEN
CHAN YEN 
CHAN YEN
CHAN YEN

DAUGHTERS

GRANDSONS

GRANDDAUGHERS


Page 4 Advertisements Column 3

Straits Daily Advertiser, 13 July 1900, Page 4





RECOVERY OF $13,000.

The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (Weekly), 8 April 1909, Page 10




The Straits Times, 3 January 1911, Page 6




Hwan Tong

Gnoh Bee Yean

Sam Kok

Song Kang 

Lou Chey Thian 


Chinese Wedding.

The Straits Times, 7 June 1918, Page 10




ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Straits Times, 19 April 1920, Page 8




Ngchek Batu Gantong 



Zaobao News

槟呷三古墓 掘出一段新华史

by 柯木林2019217 


峇峇文学之父美誉的曾锦文(Chan Kim Boon18511920年)在槟城(又称槟榔屿)出生,18723月到新加坡,在英国人开办的墨经梳律师楼(Aitken & Rodyk,即Aitken & Co,后易名为Donaldson & Burkinshaw)任书记,兼管账务。他的孙女Chan Gaik Sung回忆说,曾锦文有三位太太,在新加坡住直落亚逸街(Telok Ayer Street)的排屋,住家前后都有马路,但确实地址已不可考;在槟城,曾锦文故居在75 Muntri Street,是一座二层楼的建筑物,现改为旅店。

年青时的曾锦文就读于槟城大英义学(Penang Free School),通晓英文、华文和马来文。因曾任教于福建马尾船政学堂,北洋水师初期学生,中国第一代海军干将,多出其门下。若干年后,当北洋舰队访问新加坡时,便有了一场令人感动的酬师活动。


根据《叻报》次版头条本馆附志189047日)所载:189045日(星期六),北洋水师访新,这批舰队将官,当年他的学生,身佩长剑,全副武装,特地到律师楼拜见他,并行三跪九叩大礼,以示不忘老师教导之恩。四年后,1894年甲午前夕,北洋舰队第三次,也是最后一次访问新加坡。适值曾锦文翻译的《三国》出版在即,靖远舰管带叶祖珪(18521905年)应邀为之题写书


曾锦文祖籍福建厚境(原属海澄县,今龙海市),1920年4月7日在新加坡辞世,终年70。辞世后归葬槟城Batu Gantong,即今槟城联合福建公塚(United Hokien Cemeteries Penang)。有意思的是,其墓碑全部以英文书写,墓碑上的身份是Translator of Stories,其中镌刻了五部可能是他的得意之作:Hwan Tong《反唐演义》;Ngoh Bee Yean《五美缘》;San Kok《三国》;Song Kang《宋江》;Kou Chey Thian《西游记》。其中Kou Chey Thian一书,显然是闽南用语,“猴子”的意思。曾锦文的翻译作品,当然不止这些,他究竟翻译过多少部古典文学,目前尚无法准确统计。

新加坡峇峇富商陈谦福(Tan Kheam Hock18621922)可说是曾锦文的贵人,是他把曾锦文带入翻译界的。曾锦文的翻译作品,由新加坡的Kim Sek Chye Press印行。考虑市场销路问题,这类书多是开本小的薄书,每本约4 x 6.5英寸,厚100170页。一套书往往延连出版一两年,甚至两三年才刊完。以《三国》一书而论,在印度尼西亚出版62册,每册售价五角;在马来亚,同样的《三国》出版30册,每册160页,以月刊或双月刊形式出现,每册售价一元。 最早一册在18926月出版,最后一册出版于18967月。换言之,读者须跟踪4年才可把翻译本的《三国》读完。

曾锦文虽是中国船政历史的一部分,但使他留名史册者,却与海防无关。他将中国古典小说翻译为马来文,不单使他成为华巫文学的奠基人之一,更于宣扬中华文化,建立殊功。





Yap Geok Song Family

Yap Geok Song 

葉玉桑
陳水娘



金銓 Yap Kim Chuan
坤和 Yap Koon Hoe
金水 Yap Kim Swee
佩珍
女孫
德娘
男孫
炳城

陳星娘



楊錦意
Yeo Gim Ee 



MR. YAP GEOK SONG

Malaya Tribune, 13 March 1928, Page 7




Malayan Saturday Post, 17 March 1928, Page 5






DEATH

The Straits Times, 27 April 1959, Page 6





佛嶺葉氏族譜

堂号:佛岭堂

始祖:葉洙



https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G97J-B9M2-X?i=8&cc=1787988&cat=1080585

南洋名人集傳




福建同安南門外溪邊鄉人

葉禎祥

葉禎祥
Yap Cheng Siang 
黃金菊









佛嶺庄上
民國廿參年甲戍九月十八日
嫡嗣男
坤煌
並女
聘治
緣治
能治
仝立石

柯錫活

柯錫活
Quah Seck Huat 























同安
辛酉小春之月 1921 
民國顕考諱錫活柯府君佳城
孝男
輝漸
振耀
傑深儀
謙仁賢
仝立石

IN LOVING MEMORY OF THEIR BELOVED FATHER
MR QUAH SECK HUAT
WHO PASSED AWAY IN 1921. JULY 10TH
AT THE AGE OF 68

BY HIS SONS
CHIAM CHENG, HWE YEOW AND GRANDSONS 
GEE CHIM, KEAT HIAN, JIN KIAM

Sons
Quah Chiam Cheng
Quah Hwe Yeow 

Grandsons
Quah Gee chim
Quah Keat Hian
Quah Jin Kiam

卓永蘭

卓永蘭



光緒三十年𡻕次甲辰孟春旦 1904
皇清例授州同諱永蘭卓府君墓
孝男
經通
經佐
圓娘
金娘
仝立石

Teo Geok Peck

Teo Geok Peck 
Chew Phoon Neo 
趙玉璧
周盆娘

















建昌石店督造
謙福律二五八另八
258 Kheam Hock Road

禾山
孝男
慶元 Teo Kheng Guan
慶燦 Teo Kheng Chan
慶惠 Teo Kheng Hui
慶宗 Teo Kheng Chong
慶福 Teo Kheng Hock
Grandsons
Teo Sian Leong
Teo Sian Tat
Teo Sian Hin

孝女
明琴 Teo Beng Khim
明石 Teo Beng Seck
明素 Teo Beng Soh
明治 Teo Beng Tee 
明礼 Teo Beng Lay
明秀 Teo Beng Siew
明華 Teo Beng Wah
Granddaughters
Teo Sian Hoon
Teo Sian Tin
Teo Sian Bee

Mr Teo Geok Peck
Died 16-10-1958
Age 56 years 

DEATHS

The Straits Times, 17 October 1958, Page 8




Teo Geok Peck, suddenly on 16th October. Inserted as a token of respect from the partners and staff of  his employers,
Lyall and Evatt


Page 2 Advertisements Column 2

Syonan Shimbun, 27 December 1944, Page 2




Yap Swee Cheng, eldest son of Yap Kim Seng married Teo Beng Khim 

, eldest daughter of Teo Geok Peck.


Page 10 Advertisements Column 1

The Straits Times, 30 May 1954, Page 10




Lim Siak Koon engaged with Molly Teo Beng Lay