Tan Tiong Kuan - Father of Tan Ean Kiam

Father of Tan Ean Kiam
陳延謙之父陳仲欵






Pic takenfrom the book courtesy of Tan Ean Kiam foundation on thr 70th birthday in honor of Tan Tiong Kuan




民國十七年夏四月廿一日 1928 Jun 8
顕考陳仲欵之墓
孝男
延郎
延謙
延德
延雲
仝立石

Tan Ean Kiam's father tomb in Bukit Brown (affected by the road and exhumed), and poems dedicated to him published in Nanyang Siang Pau, 22 June 1928





又調寄鷓鴣天
德耀星沉夜未央, 倦將老眼閱滄桑
生前應厭人情淡, 去後囘思世味長
醒好夢    熟黃梁, 從今擺脱是非場
襌心悟澈西來意, 完璞歸真了不妨
By 前人

Also 梁少山


Bukit Brown Registry
Blk 2 D , 192 193
Tan Tiong Kwah
73 years old

Chng Teow Kian

Chng Teow Kian
莊朝乾








民國三十三年甲申三月廿九 (21 Apr 1944)
孝男
振發 Chng Chin Huat 
亞𤞏
扢花
亞却
孝孫
水龍
金龍
女孫
亞掑

Burial
Chng Teow Khiam
Blk 3 D P193
Age 64 years 


Page 2 Advertisements Column 2

Shonan Times (Syonan Shimbun), 9 March 1945, Page 2








Chng Teow Kian was carrying on business under the style of Chop Heap Leong Seng as dealers in gunny bags and empty tins at No 77 Rochor Canal Road when he passed away on 21 Apr 1944

His interest of his Chop Heap Leong Seng was also paid to his son Chng Chin Huat


A descendant search for his roots in Bukit Brown - Cheang Sam Teo

A descendant's search for his roots in Bukit Brown



Gavin Koh (left of Cheang Sam Teo tomb) together with relatives and Brownies Raymond,  Bianca and Darren sometime in May 2023

Everyone has two parents: a mother and a father. Everyone has four grandparents: two grandmothers and two grandfathers; eight great-grandparents, sixteen great great-grandparents and thirty two great great great-grandparents? Why would I seek out one particular branch of my family over any other?

 

In Singapore’s history, the records are not so clear, much has been lost and not all Chinese families in Singapore are able to trace their ancestors all the way back to China. I have in my veins, Teochew, Hakka and Cantonese blood: if I do know the village my forefathers came from, I do not have the resources to visit China and the trail goes cold.

 

I am Singaporean, and I identify more with Singapore than I do with China. The Cheang branch of my family has been in Singapore almost since the beginning, since it was founded by Sir Stamford Raffles in September 1819. Unlike most of my other ancestors, I can follow that line back the farthest and the public records contain a wealth of detail about the Cheang family. Unlike the other branches of my family, this means that I am able to colour-in the stories; and the persons become fully fleshed-out and three-dimensional.

 

Cheang Sam Teo was my mother’s father’s father’s father’s father and we believe that he arrived in Singapore from China in 1820, probably via Malacca or Batavia. He came from the Chiangchew 漳州 district of Hokkien Province 福建省.

 

Chiangchew was the major source of Singapore’s earliest Hokkien migrants: although they came to Singapore through the port of Amoy, they did not speak the Amoy dialect. The Hokkien dialect from Chiangchew has distinctive features which make it different from “standard” Amoy Hokkien, and which were carried to Southeast Asia by the Chiangchew migrants. The largest distinctive population of Chiangchew Hokkien speakers is in Penang, and Penang Hokkien retains the key features of this Hokkien dialect.

 

The most distinctive characteristic of the Chiangchew Hokkien is in the pronunciation of the word “door” , which in standard Hokkien is pronounced mng, but in Chiangchew Hokkien is pronounced mui. Similarly, is pronounced ng in the standard dialect, but ui in the Chiangchew dialect. So, some of the oldest Hokkien families in Singapore have the surname Wee (like Singapore’s former president, Wee Kim Wee) or Oei (if they came via Dutch Batavia). This also solves the mystery of why the city of Amoy 廈門 is called E-mng in standard Hokkien, but ‘Amoy’ in English—it is because English follows the Chiangchew pronunciation of E-mui, since all the Hokkiens whom the British encountered in the 19th century were from Chiangchew.

 

There are no details of his early life, but Cheang Sam Teo first appears in the public record in 1846, as one of the founders of the Teang Thye Temple on Upper Hokkien Street 清元真君. The size of the donation means he must have already attained some considerable wealth by 1846, for the temple did not stand alone and was part of a larger complex of buildings which he built, including a residence for himself, offices and the Teang Thye Clan association (Teang Thye is a district of Chiangchew).

 


清元真君庙 Teang Thye Temple on Upper Hokkien Street 



China Square now sits on the site of the old temple and the Teang Thye clan association. Although the temple is no more, the original memorial tablets are retained inside the Chinese restaurant on China Square, along with his name.

 

The next time Cheang Sam Teo appears in the public record, is as the head of the consortium which wins the Spirit Farm from the colonial government in 1849. In colonial Singapore, alcohol and opium were government monopolies and major sources of tax revenue. The government did not tax these directly, but instead sold the monopolies by annual auction to the highest bidder, and in 1849, Cheang Sam Teo led the consortium that won the monopoly, giving him sole right to import, process and sell opium.

 

There are no surviving Chinese language records of Cheang Sam Teo’s business dealings, and almost every thing we know about him is from the British colonial records, which are difficult to search, because Cheang Sam Teo’s name is spelled a variety of ways (Chung Tio, Chang Teoh, etc.). We know from the Straits Directory that he owned a number of ships, moving goods to and from Malacca and Hong Kong.

 

Cheang Sam Teo died in 1862, leaving most of his wealth to his eldest son, Cheang Hong Lim. His will was contested in court: his two elder sons, Cheang Hong Lim and Cheang Hong Guan battled out for their share of the inheritance. Cheang Hong Guan’s claim was that the will was forged, but the case collapsed because the jury rejected his claims.

 

The majority of Cheang Hong Lim’s wealth was derived from opium, although he traded in a wide variety of goods, including alcohol, tobacco, rice, etc. His company traded under the name Wan Seng 苑生, which therefore also became his courtesy name.

 

Cheang Hong Lim’s first residence seems to have been located near or at his father’s own residence on 25 Kreta Ayer Street, in the complex associated with the Teang Thye Temple and very close to Cheang Hong Lim Quay. However, he later moved to a new mansion on 115 Havelock Road, next to which he built a new Taoist temple, the Giok Hong Tian Temple 玉皇殿 dedicated to the Jade Emperor.

 

In his later life, Cheang Hong Lim’s business interests expanded to include huge tracts of property, and he became known as a philanthropist and a pillar of Singapore society. This all appears in the newspapers of the time. His name appears in guest lists for events hosted by the Maharajah of Johore and the Governor of Singapore, including the wedding of the Governor’s daughter in 1886.  He put on an exhibition of fireworks at the Esplanade in 1878.

 

He was a major donor to St Joseph’s Institution and the school band played for him at a concert hosted at his mansion on Havelock Road in honour of his birthday. Chinese temples, Catholic churches, mosques and Hindu temples were all recipients of his generosity. He donated to flood relief in China as well as famine relief in Ireland. He set up Singapore’s first fire brigade, to serve his estates around Havelock Road. The one landmark to which Cheang Hong Lim’s name is still attached today, is Hong Lim Park (bounded by Upper Pickering Street and New Bridge Road) which is the result of a donation he made to the town to create a recreation space. The neighbouring shopping centre and hawker centre were named for the park.


Cheang Hong Lim Place, Cheang Wan Seng Place are also named for him; and there was a formerly a Hong Lim Market (later renamed Covent Garden, bounded by Zion Road and Kim Seng Road). The portion of Alkaff Quay between Ord Bridge and Read Bridge was formerly called Cheang Hong Lim Quay.

 

At the time of his death, his estate included large tracts of land along River Valley Road, Havelock Road, Jervois Road and Tanglin Road. He was buried in the family cemetery on Havelock Road, in the area now bounded by Stirling Road and Alexandra Road. The cemetery and its 5000 graves were exhumed in the 1960’s to create the first of Singapore’s new towns, called Queenstown. The graves of Cheang Sam Teo and Cheang Hong Lim and the principal members of the Cheang family relocated from Queenstown to Bukit Brown in the 1960’s where they remain today.

 

Cheang Hong Lim’s will set out that the majority share of his wealth would go to his eldest son, Cheang Jim Hean, but Cheang Jim Hean died young, leaving only an infant daughter to inherit the bulk of the family fortune. Claims and counter claim were litigated in the courts through the ensuing decades, and most of the property was lost during the Japanese occupation of the 1940’s. My branch of the family inherited a stack of legal papers including a copy of Cheang Hong Lim’s will and a schedule of assets which ran to many pages, these we donated to the National Archives in 2020.

 





Cheang Sam Teo's will courtesy of Gavin Koh 

Part 1

Written by Gavin Koh

Teo Kim Seng Family

Teo Hock Jin
張福仁






Block 3 C No 378


Teo Hock Jin 張福仁




IN LOVING MEMORY OF 

OUR BELOVED FATHER

TEO HOCK JIN AGED 65

DIED 24TH DECEMBER 1837

RIP



ERECTED BY HIS CHILDEN

TEO KIM SWEE

TEO KIM SAN



GRANDSONS

TEO BENG CHUAN

TEO BENG WAN

TEO BENG CHUA

TEO BENG CHOO



GRAND DAUGHTERS

TEO KUAN ENO

TEO WEE NEO

TEO LEE NEO

TEO KENG NEO

TEO KIT NEO

TEO ENG NEO


TEO HOCK JIN

DEATH

The Straits Times, 24 December 1937, Page 2 




Teo Hock Jin

67 years 
160 Neil Road 

Sons

Teo Kim Seng 

Teo Kim Swee

Teo Kim San 

Daughter 

Teo Chit Neo 

Son in law 

Lim Eng Guan of McAlister n Co



MRS TEO HOCK JIN Nee MADAM EE CHYE NEO



DEATHS.

The Singapore Free Press, 16 April 1951, Page 8




Madam  Ee Chye Neo alias Jee Nya aged 75 passed away peacefully at 145H Haig Road

on Friday 13 Apr 1951

Sons

Teo Kim Swee

Teo Kim San

Teo Chit Neo

Son in law 

\Lim Eng Guan



張金成
Teo Kim Seng 








Block 3 C plot no 386

Mrs Teo Kim Seng nee Chew Kim Neo 











DEATH OF MR. TEO KIM SENG.

The Straits Times, 14 February 1936, Page 14




Death of Teo Kim Seng, in Neil Road on 14 Feb 1936. He was managing director of Messrs Gaw Brothers Ltd

General Merchangs, with whom he was associated since the start of the film in 1918. 

Two Brothers Teo Kim Swee and Teo Kim San are both members of the same firm

He was 42 years of age and a member of the City Club



Teo Kim San 




IN LOVING MEMORY OF 

OUR BELOVED FATHER

TEO KIM SAN

DIED ON 10TH JULY 1951





ERECTED BY HIS CHILDREN

TEO BENG HOE

TEO LEE NEO

TEO KENG NEO

TEO TIT NEO





DOMESTIC OCCURRENCE. DEATH.

Malaya Tribune, 27 June 1932, Page 4



Chan Geok Kim (Mrs Goh Tuck Boon) Son 

Goh Eng Hoe

Son in law

Teo Kim San

劉門許進發

劉門許進發




同安
民國甲申年吉
正月十二日立
孝男
經欣
玫瑰
立石

Koh Chin Whatt 

Wee Chin Kiang Family

Wee Chin Kiang’s  mother Bek Gin Hua

排江黃門麥銀花







Mother of
Wee Chin Kiang 
Wee Chin Leng 
Wee Chin Kam 
Wee Chin Kay 
Died on 6th July 1922 
Aged 67 years 

顕妣諱銀花黃門麥氏之墓

振鏹
振鈴
振鑑
振家
善韜  Wee Sian Thoe 
善畧 Wee Sian Leok 
善德 Wee Sian Teck 
善奇 Wee Sian Kee 
善水 Wee Sian Chwee 
善明 Wee Sian Beng 









民囯二十二年吉
九月初七日立
黃振姜

Burial entry 
Blk 3 C plot no 473
52 years old 

The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, 15 January 1913, Page 6



BANKRUPTCY COURT.
The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, 10 September 1921, Page 12



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. DEATH.
Malaya Tribune, 26 October 1933, Page 8



The death occurred yesterday at No 421-F Yio Chu Kang Road, of Mr Wee Chin Kiang, who leaves three sons
Wee Sian Thoe
Wee Siang Leok
Wee Siang Kee
4 daughters
Internment at Bukit Brown Cemetery on Sunday at 10 o'clock

Page 2 Advertisements Column 3
Syonan Shimbun, 22 May 1942, Page 2



Eric Wee Sian Beng engaged to Grace Chew Swee Neo, only daughter of Rev Chew Hock Hin 

Koh Nia Chee

馮門許姈舌









IN LOVING MEMORY OF 
MADAM KOH NIA CHEE
DIED ON 12TH MARCH 1934
AGE 76 YEARS

Son
Pang Cheng Chye
Daughter 
Pang Sau Lan 
Grandson
Pang Chap Yit
Granddaughters
Pang Thiam Neo
Pang Kim Neo
Pang Kim Keow
Pang Kim Kee
Pang Kim Hua

Arthur Lim Liat Boon

Arthur Lim Liat Boon 
林烈文











In Loving Memory 
Lim Liat Boon
Died 17-7-1962
Age 67
Tan Lioe Nio 

Son
Kenneth Lim Kian Lie
Daughters 
Gladys Lim Giok Keng 
Phyllis Lim Giok Ien 
Grandson
成福 Lim Sing Hok
Granddaughter 
美麗 Lim Mey Lee